Location and Building Structure
The first study area “Gumpendorf” is located in the inner city of Vienna and is part of the larger borough of Gumpendorf in Mariahilf (6th district). On average, the neighbourhood “Gumpendorf” is located three kilometres away from the city center (1th District). It is surrounded by the “Gürtel” (West) and “Linke Wienzeile” (boundary in the South), both roads have three lines of traffic in each direction and offer public transportation. The neighbourhood boundary in the North is the “Gumpendorfer Strasse”, a smaller thoroughfare with shops and other facilities for local amenities, while the residential streets “Corneliusgasse” and “Proschkogasse” represent the Eastern neighbourhood borders. All together, the overall area size of this study area is 421,908 m².
Roughly half (46.7 per cent) of the buildings in this neighbourhood were constructed during the Founder´s period, while 8.5 per cent were built after 1990. Almost all of the houses contain more than three flats, while houses with more than 21 flats represent 46.7 percent of the total. Besides, “Gumpendorf” comprises in total 20 public housing projects. In 2011, according to the register of main residence, there were 4,854 flats in the selected neighbourhood. Of those, slightly more than 80 per cent are private rentals, which roughly reflects the city average of 79.2 per cent. Finally, every second household in this study area is a single person household which lies above the city average of 45.3 per cent.
The neighbourhood “Gumpendorf” comprises three parks and a considerable number of smaller green fields. However, access to green spaces is limited due to Mariahilf’s character as the most densely-built and least-green district in Vienna. Given its central locality, a comprehensive social infrastructure exists. There are 11 educational institutions (ranging from pre-school facilities to upper secondary (vocational) schools), as well as a number of churches, social services, organisations and other facilities. The area is also well connected with the city through a number of public transport opportunities and a dense transport network comprising subway, tram and bus lines.
In 2013, the total population consisted of 9,467 persons and has increased by around 850 persons when compared to 2008.
Although the age structure of the local population shows on average a large degree of diversity, persons in their late twenties and early thirties comprise a substantial group within this study area (22.4 per cent). At the same time, the share of people past the age of retirement comprises 16.2 per cent, below the city average (21 per cent). In line with the greater proportion of young adults and the substantial amount of single person households, the number of children below age 14 is comparably low and accounts for around 12 per cent (city average: 14.5 per cent).
The local population consists therefore to a large extent of young professionals and students, which is also reflected in the overall educational level of the residents. The proportion of people with compulsory schooling level as their highest educational qualification is relatively low, while 28 per cent have obtained a tertiary educational degree. The share of highly educated persons in this neighbourhood is 10 per cent above the city average. Turning to the employment status of the local population, roughly half are economically active, while the unemployment rate in 2011 was about 9 per cent and did not deviate from the overall unemployment rate in Vienna at that time.
In 2013, 40.3 per cent of the local population in our study area “Gumpendorf” had a so called migration background, i.e. having both parents born abroad and either migrated themselves (first generation) or were born in Austria (second generation). Unfortunately, these statistics are not further broken down by immigrant-origin groups. Therefore, the following numbers are based on statistics of persons born abroad. The share of foreign born persons in Gumpendorf was 36.2 per cent in 2011, and consisting of people from more than 50 different countries. The ethnic diversity within the local population in this inner city district is also mirrored in the respective index. Gumpendorf scored 0.59 on the diversity index with 0 being no diversity and 1 indicating the greatest degree of diversity. Amongst the local immigrant population, the largest groups in 2011 were immigrants from Serbia (11.6 per cent), Germany (11.1 per cent), Turkey (8.3 per cent) and Poland (7.3 per cent). Within the last five years (2008-2013), the net migration rate per 100 inhabitants to “Gumpendorf” was 1.5, largely driven by foreign citizens from EU-27 countries, in particular from Germany. Thus, while Serbs, Poles and Turks have been living in the neighbourhood for quite some time, the more recent immigrant groups in “Gumpendorf” are largely originating from EU countries, resembling national and city patterns of immigration to Austria and Vienna.
Overall, the rate of processions (defined as immigration, emigration and internal moving) in “Gumpendorf” between 2008 and 2013 averaged 35 per cent. Thus, the neighbourhood can be classified as a rather stable living area in terms of residential mobility.
Key Actors and Policy Measures (selected examples)
Despite city-wide policy measures having an impact on interethnic coexistence in Gumpendorf, the most significant local actors participating in the development of local policy measures towards local integration and interethnic coexistence are the Urban Renewal Office 6/14/15 responsible for Gumpendorf, Caritas (in particular the catholic church “St. Ägyd” and the protestant church at “Lutherplatz”), Diakonie, the mosque “Islamic center Imam Ali”, UrbAct, and Station Wien. In particular, the latter organisation hosts several programmes for immigrants in general (e.g. language training, “talent evenings”, “language cafés”, etc.) and for interethnic exchange among residents of “Gumpendorf”. For example, the “Kontakt Pool” initiative tries to organise intercultural exchange among immigrant and non-immigrant residents. People in the neighbourhood that are interested in learning from their neighbours and who wish to explore “different cultures” can register for the “contact pool”. People in the contact pool are matched according to common interests. After some meetings under the supervision of a member from “Station Wien”, interested exchange tandems might meet outside the organisation and undertake common activities.
 The district” Gumpendorf” constitutes the statistical districts Gumpendorf 1 and Gumpendorf 2 together. The neighborhood “Gumpendorf” selected for our study and presented in this overview is the district Gumpendorf 1.
 The “Gürtel” (“The Belt”) is an outer ring road with three lanes of traffic in each direction and public transport. It is one of the busiest roads in Vienna and forms the divide between inner and outer city.
 Source: Population register 2011, own calculations.
 Source: Stadt Wien/MA 23 (2013).
 We followed previous studies and used the Herfindahl Index as a measure for diversity within the neighborhood. The final indices presented here are calculated by taking the value 1 minus the Herfindahl index. The final diversity index ranges between 0 (no diversity) and 1 (greatest degree of diversity).
 The social service of the Austrian Protestant (A.B.) Church.