Methods

Selecting neighbourhood initiatives

In order to understand the consequences of (non-) participation in neighbourhood-based initiatives aimed at fostering neighbourhood belonging in super-diverse neighbourhoods, the focus is consequently on a number of selected neighbourhood initiatives in each case study area. Each ICEC team selected initiatives that provide spaces of encounter or focus either directly on the neighbourhood or alternatively its residents. In addition, they might differ along key characteristics, such as initiation (top-down; bottom-up), number of participants, financial resources and range. The initiatives being investigated must already have been implemented in the neighbourhood.

Each research team first undertook an inventory of all available initiatives per neighbourhood (quite often exceeding 70 initiatives per neighbourhood) and selected a minimum of six initiatives per city that will be analysed in greater detail. The initiatives include, or example, neighbourhood community centres, local empowerment initiatives or free pre-school institutions. In comparing participants and non-participants the teams intend to identify the outcomes which relate to the main analytical concepts of ICEC: neighbourhood belonging, interethnic coexistence and co-responsibility.

ICEC’s methodology: Multiple angles

ICEC’s analysis will be carried out in three distinct steps:

    1. Through secondary data analysis and policy document analysis, initiatives are describes and analysed. For the purpose of a systematisation of the evaluation process, an Assessment Matrix was generated based on the principles of Logical Framework Analysis (LFA). Serving as an important analytical tool, it provides a common structure to facilitate a comparable analysis of the selected initiatives. It is well proven and has already been tested by institutions such as the UN or the OECD, to name only a few. The assessment process identifies and deconstructs measures and initiatives that are perceived to foster interethnic coexistence and neighbourhood belonging by searching for significant mechanisms.
    2. Information about the initiatives will be supplemented by significant insights from expert interviews with the local stakeholders in charge of each selected initiative. The aim is to collect relevant information and insights of each investigated intiative.methods1
    3. Qualitative interviews conducted with respondents participating in the initiatives and initiatives. The main topics to be discussed with our interview partners are the neighbourhood in which they live, (perceived) neighbourhood diversity, neighbourhood belonging (place attachment and social embeddedness), as well as the perception of – and reasons for – participation in local initiatives. These semi-structured interviews will also be held with non-participants, allowing a disentangling of potential effects of participation on neighbourhood belonging for certain groups within diverse neighbourhoods. Interviews with (non-) participants will not only be held with residents that participate in the selected initiatives, but also through interactions in so-called ‘Urban Livings Labs’. Read more about our “Living Lab” concept here.