Socio-demographic and socio-economic structure
In 2013 the population of H-buurt was 7,244, a number which has held relatively stable over the past ten years. Although the neighbourhood has a high turnover due to ongoing urban renewal, net in and out migration has remained roughly equal. Notable features of the age structure in the area include the low number of elderly people (5% compared to the city average of 12%) and the high share of youth aged 0-20 years old, which is above the city average of 30%.
In 2010, households were predominantly single-person (almost half), and almost one quarter were single parent, significantly more than the city average of 9%. The average yearly income of €15,700 and average household income of €23,300 is well below the average for Amsterdam, whilst unemployment (13%) and welfare recipients (11%) are above average. Combined, these indicators suggest that many residents in this area are socio-economically vulnerable. In the wider district (statistics are not available for the H-buurt neighbourhood alone), 48% of residents between 15 and 65 years have low levels of education, whilst only 14% are highly educated.
Ethno-national composition of the local population
H-buurt is dominated by non-Western migrants who form 77% of the total population (this includes both first and second generation; those born abroad and those whose parents were born abroad) and 8% Western migrants. Native Dutch make up 15% of the local population, however in one part of the area (Huntum) native Dutch and Western migrants make up 46% and 21% respectively.
For a more detailed breakdown of the ethno-national composition, please see the section H-buurt in numbers below.
Physical and housing structure
The physical layout of the neighbourhood differs by administrative unit. Huntum is the exception where 83% of housing is owner-occupied, whilst other units are dominated by the social rental sector. Overall, 83% of housing is social. 4% privately rented and 13% owner-occupied. The houses in the Huntum area are relatively new and large, mostly built in the 1980s, low-rise with an average 4.9 rooms and over 80m². However, in the rest of the largely high-rise or medium neighbourhood the average number of rooms is 3.3 and the housing is smaller.
Originally designed to attract the middle-classes and based on Corbusier’s idea of the functional city (completely separating housing, work and recreation), within ten years the neighbourhood was no longer a desirable place to live, leading to a number of apartments remaining empty and a downward spiral of increased criminality and less inhabitants. Urban renewal efforts began in the 1990s and saw many high-rise flats demolished and replaced by smaller houses, increased green spaces and better access to public transport.
Socio-spatial features, segregation and integration
The H-buurt neighbourhood has strong ethnic concentrations, including a small concentration of Turkish residents as shown in the graphic. The area is predominantly Surinamese and Antillean, along with other non-Western migrants.
H-buurt in numbers
|Neighbourhood: Venserpolder West (T93a) – South-East city district|
|Population size 2013:||5130|
|% non-Western immigrants (first and second generation):||72,3|
|Country of origin (%) 2012:|
|The Netherlands Antilles||5,7|
|Ethnic diversity index (Herfindahl):||0,13|
|Age distribution 2013:|
|Age diversity index (Herfindahl):||0,07|
|Housing size and value 2012||Average housing size: 2,7 rooms, plurality of houses (49%) between 50 and 70 square meters|
|Average property value (WOZ): 125.000 Euros|
|Housing type (%) 2012:|
|Year of built 2012:||Almost all houses (90 per cent) built between 1981 and 1990, ten per cent after 2000|
|Neighbourhood combination: Bijlmer Centrum (T93) – consists of eleven neighbourhoods|
|Area size neighbourhood combination 2013:||315,81 ha|
|Population neighbourhood combination 2013:||22875|
|Population density neighbourhood combination 2013:||72 inhabitants/ha, on average 2,29 people per dwelling|
|Average income neighbourhood combination 2009:||15900 Euros|
|% Unemployed neighbourhood combination 2011:||10,5|
|% Unemployed non-Western immigrants:||11,5|
|Number of schools neighbourhood combination 2011-2012:||5 primary schools, 3 schools for ‘special education’ (pupils with disadvantage/disability)|